Broccoli or green cauliflower is a new type of cauliflower descent for many people. Few days ago, Broccoli was unknown and back dated vegetable to us. But recently it has become favorite as benefited vegetable and is congratulated all over the world. Because Broccoli, from another vegetables of coli is very nutritious and cancer prevented descents comparatively. You can also see how to grow broccoli in container.
Alimentation per 100 g of Broccoli
- Protein- 3.3 g
- Starch- 3500 I.U
- Vitamin (A) – 200 mg
- Besides vitamin C, it is highly valued with calcium and iron.
Broccoli is originated in Italy. It’s called Italian Broccoli. The term “Broccoli” has been derived from Italian word “brooco”. It is the most favorite vegetable in Italy and USA as well. Broccoli contains cancer protective elements. Santa Barbar of USA California University has declared it. It is reported that there is a special element of compound of isotheyosayanet in Broccoli that plays an important role in cancer prevention.
It is known to us that it also prevents breast cancer. Many children of our country are suffer from night blindness and/ or permanent blindness. Broccoli can protect children from night blindness and blindness by providing vitamin A. Besides, it increases the power of disease prevention and prevent various impediments. Broccoli is highly delicious and nutritious vegetable yea. Its primary as well medial bloom is inflected in green colored posy. The posy is eaten as fry, soup and curry as well. Broccoli is eaten just as boiled or fresh vegetable because it is commuted then another coli.
Use of Broccoli Stems
Stems of Broccoli can also be eaten. Stems is softer. In many countries, stems is used for making pickle. Cauliflower is a collected once but Broccoli is economically viable being collected several times. The price of Broccoli is higher than cauliflower. There is a great potentiality of Broccoli to cultivate it commercially. This vegetable is exportable.
Climate of Broccoli Cultivation (Recommended)
Broccoli is a vegetable which is moderate tempered. Cold and humid climate is better for sound growth. This is high temperature and drought sustainable. Average temperature suitable for Broccoli cultivation is 15 to 200 C per month. The gentle winter (having some rainfall) climate is suitable. Enough sunlight is needed for Broccoli cultivation.
Soil for Broccoli
Organic manure is needed sufficiently for successful cultivation of Broccoli. Fertile soil and the soil acid alkalinity (PH) 6.0-7.0 is good. Broccoli is cultivated well in sandy loam and loam. However, there should be irrigation and drainage facilities to be selected for the cultivation of Broccoli.
Variety of Broccoli
Broccoli is cultivated in all over the world not only in sunny season but also in cold season. There are several types of Broccoli and all of them are highly productive. Calabrese Broccoli, Purple Broccoli, Sprouting Broccoli and Broccoli- Raab are well known types of Broccoli all over the world. The Gai- Lon or Chinese Broccoli, F1- Hybrid and OP are also some productive Broccoli.
The Amount of Seed
150 gm. of seeds are required for the cultivation of per hector.
The source and variety of seed should be verified accurately for selection.
The Nursery and Seedling Production of Broccoli
The production of seedling is very important for the cultivation of Broccoli. Open space with drainage system for water is suitable for the creation of nursery places. Moreover, there should be irrigation facilities near the nursery for the production of seedlings. The land should be ploughed by spade and the soil should be refined minutely. The first seed bed should be frequent. After growing seedlings for 10-12 days, it is transferred to second seed bed.
At the second seed bed, young plants should be planted at a distance of 5-10 cm away of row and 2.5 cm far from each other. Irrigation and shade is needed after planting. It will take 5-6 days to be established the seedlings. Irrigation should be continued for 1 day after another and 5-7 days after a proper establishment. The seedlings will be stronger in this way. Seedling becomes spindle shanked, tall and weak for additional irrigation and that the tree does not yield as expected.
Distance of Planting the Seedlings
50 cm from seedling to seedling and 602 cm from row to row.
Land Making for Broccoli
The land which gets sunlight throughout the day should be selected. Then plough it very well for the preparation of soil. Plough 4-5 time across the soil making equal by ladder.
For planting the young plant in two rows, bed should be planned of 15-20 cm height. 30 cm wide and 10-15 cm depth canal should be selected for drainage and movement. Soil of the canal should be used to heighten the bed.
The Amount of Fertilizer and Applied Methods
The growth of seedling is not expected if there is lack of fertility in the land. The yielding become decrease. So fertilizer is essential for Broccoli cultivation. If acid-alkalinity of soil (PH) is under 5.5, 100 KGs of lime are applied for a hector with a view to having a good result.
- One week after the first day of planting, irrigation should be given lightly.
- Later, 8-10 day after and after irrigation should be given.
- Fence cleft soil of should be broken for natural growth of Broccoli when some juice exist in soil after irrigation.
- Manure is given upper immediately after irrigation.
- Canal need to be clean all time for irrigation and drainage system. Additional irrigation or rain water need to get out from land.
Grabbing the Gap
Some more seed should be given in seedbeds. Some seedling primarily dies at the time of sowing. If seedling dies in mail land, the some seedling can fill up in this process.
It is an appropriate time to collect during 60- 70 days after sowing Broccoli. Stems can be collected being cut 3 inches from pollen by sharp knife or blade. In this ways. Broccoli can be collected during 1 month for several times. Pollen should be collected when it is coined.
It is possible to produce Broccoli at about 12-13 tons per hector if it is cared perfectly and minutely.